Country shoot arranged by the French (7)
I believe the answer is:
'country' is the definition.
(Lesotho is an example)
'shoot arranged by the french' is the wordplay.
'arranged' indicates anagramming the letters.
'by' says to put letters next to each other.
'the french' becomes 'le' ('the' in French).
'shoot' is an anagram of 'sotho'.
'sotho' after 'le' is 'LESOTHO'.
(Other definitions for lesotho that I've seen before include "Kingdom that was formerly Basutoland" , "African country, formerly Basutoland" , "South African kingdom" , "Southern African country, capital Maseru" , "Country entirely within South Africa" .)