Goes out with the figures on the calendar (5)
I believe the answer is:
'goes out with' is the definition.
('date' can be a synonym of 'go out with')
'figures on the calendar' is the wordplay.
I cannot really understand how this works, but
'on' could be 'at' (I've seen this in other clues) and 'at' is present in the answer.
The remaining letters 'des' is a valid word which might be clued in a way I don't understand.
This explanation may well be incorrect...
'the' is the link.
Can you help me to learn more?
(Other definitions for dates that I've seen before include "becomes less fresh" , "Goes steady" , "Is seeing" , "Occasions" , "Takes out" .)